In this lesson students will explore seeds and learn that each one contains all the information necessary to grow into healthy, thriving vegetables.

Learning will happen through a skit that relates common items such as a coat, a snack, and a hat to the structure and function of different seed components. Students will then dissect a variety of soaked seeds to understand that all seeds have these parts and therefore all seeds have the possibility to become a plant.


Lesson Grades Resources Standards
Seed Skit K-4 Riddle, Discussion, Activity NGSS K-LS1-1 
NGSS 2-PS1-1 
NGSS 4-LS1-1 
Seed Dissection K-4 Activity NGSS K-LS1-1 
NGSS 2-PS1-1 
NGSS 4-LS1-1 
Extension Activities   Links  


Connecting CCCs and SEPs

  • Why are the cotyledons a necessary structure for a germinated seed to have before the true leaves emerge? Can the cotyledons photosynthesize? (Structure and Function; Construct Explanations and Design Solutions)
  • What is already known about the relationship between seed structure and function in growing into a plant? How can I best communicate about this relationship between structure and function? (Structure and Function; Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information)
  • Do you notice any patterns between different seeds? Are there any similar structures? Why might different seeds have the same internal structures? (Patterns; Asking Questions and Defining Problems)
  • What is the cause of germination? (Cause and Effect; Asking Questions and Defining Problems)


Thank you One Cool Earth!

The lessons and resources for this topic have been adapted from the Earth Genius curriculum developed by One Cool Earth, a California 501(c)3 non-profit dedicated to bringing garden education to students.

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